Necrotizing fasciitis also known as flesh-eating bacteria is a dire bacterial infection that spreads quickly and destroys skin, fat, and muscle. It is a life-threatening infection that needs urgent treatment. This bacteria affects the skin and deeper subcutaneous tissues.
The speed of the disease spreading can be determined by the depth of the subcutaneous layer. Previous trauma or foreign bodies present in the surgical wound can also lead to this condition. Necrotizing fasciitis can be classified as idiopathic when there is no evident cause. Both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria as well as the combination of these two types of bacteria can lead to this condition. Necrotizing fasciitis progresses quickly and is pretty hard to be diagnosed in the early stage.
Blood tests are conducted to check for signs of infection and inflammation. The treatment is imperative and aggressive. Strep throat causing bacteria can also cause necrotizing fasciitis
Signs and symptoms of necrotizing fasciitis?
The signs and symptoms of necrotizing fasciitis include redness, swelling, and severe pain, sores or blisters that ooze.
Flu-like symptoms, such as fever, chills, nausea, and muscle pain
Fatigue and fainting are also among the sign and symptoms of necrotizing fasciitis
Treatment of necrotizing fasciitis involves several procedures which are:
Administration of intravenous medicines to help treat your infection and subside your pain.
Surgical removal of dead and dead tissue in order to prevent the spread of the infection.
Raising the blood pressure.
Amputation of extremity if the area of dead tissue is large in an effort to save your life.
Hyperbaric therapy may be administered to decrease swelling and increase wound healing.
Oxygen to survive the healthy tissue.
Surgery might be undergone to relieve pressure or a skin graft to reconstruct the infection site.
Intensive monitoring of vital organs.
Transfusion of blood.
When should I seek immediate care?
You have a fever and a new wound with redness, swelling, or pain.
You have flu-like symptoms within 24 hours of an injury.
You have dark blisters near your wound that drain black fluid.
The area around your wound is numb.
The skin around your wound becomes discoloured or flaky.
Causes Necrotizing Fasciitis?
Necrotizing fasciitis is caused by several types of bacteria. The most common type is group A Streptococcus. However, streptococcus isn’t the only type of bacteria that can cause this infection, Aeromonas hydrophila, Clostridium, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella, Staphylococcus aureus are other types of bacterium that can cause Necrotizing Fasciitis. Having the bacteria in your body exposes you to getting necrotizing fasciitis. This typically occurs when the skin is broken. The micro organism can enter your body through a cut, scrape, or surgical wound. These injuries don’t need to be large for the bacteria to penetrate. Even a needle puncture will suffice.
Prevention of Necrotizing Fasciitis?
Prevention of necrotizing fasciitis infection has no specific way. However specific hygiene practices can reduce your risk of contacting the infection. Wash your hands frequently with soap and treat any injuries immediately, even minor injuries.
If you already sustain a wound, take good care of it. Change your bandages on regular intervals. Ensure your wound doesn’t get contaminated. When you have an injury, avoid hot tubs, whirlpools, and swimming pools.
If you think there’s any chance you may have contacted the infection, consult your doctor immediately. It is imperative that you treating the infection early.